Privacy & Security Notice

2.0 STEEL DRUMS

2.1 DOT-6C 5- AND 10-GALLON STEEL DRUMS (DOCKETS: MLM)

Figure 2-1. DOT-6C 5- and 10-Gallon Steel Drums, 49 CFR 178.99. (contents restricted, see Section 2.1.3).

2.1.1 Package Description

Table 2.1-1. Dimensions.

Table 2.1-2. Materials/Method of Construction.

2.1.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.1.2.1 Physical Form

2.1.2.1.1 Solids only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements (e.g., room temperature vulcanizing [RTV], etc.).

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.)
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination controls.)

2.1.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight. Form No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3:

  • 5-gal = 80 lb
  • 10-gal = 160 lb.

2.1.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.1.2.3 Radiological. Dents approximately 1.1 in. and 1.5 in. appeared in the 5-gal and 10-gal drums, respectively, following the 4-ft drop test on the bottom edge. The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at the surface of the package would not increase by more than 20% if such deformations occurred.

2.1.3 Restrictions/Specifications

For Form No. 1 Contents--RTV sealant (or equivalent) must be applied to the surface of the gasket in contact with the drum body.

For Form No. 2 and No. 3 Contents--No packaging component requirements other than specified in Section 2.1.1.

Bolt closure tightened, with tapping, until the lugs begin to bend inward or come together--typically less than 40 ft-lb. A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.1.4 49 CFR 178.350 REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

Table 2.1-3. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.1.5 Quality Control

Table 2.1-4. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.1.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of this packaging were performed at MLM and were documented in Edling 1987. Complete evaluation reports are available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.1.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
Rocky Flats Rocky Flats Plant
K. Lenarcic P.O. Box 464
COMM/FTS 303-966-2377 Golden, CO 80402-0464

2.2 DOT-17C 5-GALLON STEEL DRUM (DOCKETS: MLM)

Figure 2-2. DOT-17C 5-Gallon Steel Drum, 49 CFR 178.115.

2.2.1 Package Description

Table 2.2-1. Dimensions.

Table 2.2-2. Materials/Method of Construction.

2.2.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.2.2.1 Physical Form

2.2.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements (e.g., RTV, etc.).

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.)
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination control.)

2.2.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight. Form No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3:

  • 100 lb.

2.2.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.2.2.3 Radiological. The 4-ft drop test caused deformation of the package resulting in a decrease in the distance from the exterior to the center of the package at the bottom edge of 0.5 in. (approximate). The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at any surface would not increase by more than 20% (relative to the radiation level of the undamaged configuration) if such a deformation would occur.

2.2.3 Restrictions/Specifications

For Form No. 1 Contents--RTV sealant (or equivalent) must be applied to the surface of the gasket in contact with the drum body.

For Form No. 2 and No. 3 Contents--No packaging component requirements other than as specified in Section 2.2.1.

Bolt closure tightened, with tapping, until the lugs begin to bend inward or come together--typically less than 40 ft-lb. A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy, bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.2.4 49 CFR 178.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.2-3. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.2.5 Quality Control

Table 2.2-4. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.2.6 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Evaluation and testing of this packaging were performed at MLM and were documented in Edling 1987. Complete evaluation reports are available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.2.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory
N. King P.O. Box 1663
COMM/FTS 505-667-4125 Los Alamos, NM 87545
Battelle Columbus Laboratories Battelle Columbus Laboratories
T. R. Emsweiler 505 King Avenue
614-879-5165 Columbus, OH 43201

2.3 DOT-17C 30-GALLON STEEL DRUM (DOCKETS: MLM)

Figure 2-3. DOT-17C 30-Gallon Steel Drum, 49 CFR 178.115.

2.3.1 Package Description

Table 2.3-1. Dimensions.

Table 2.3-2. Materials/Method of Construction.

2.3.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.3.2.1 Physical Form

2.3.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements (e.g., RTV, etc.).

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.)
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination control.)

2.3.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight

  • Form No. 1 = 400 lb
  • Form No. 2 = 500 lb
  • Form No. 3 = 500 lb.

2.3.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.3.2.3 Radiological. The 4-ft drop test caused deformation of the package resulting in a decrease in the distance from the exterior to the center of the package at the bottom edge of 2.75 in. (approximate). The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at any surface would not increase by more than 20% (relative to the radiation level of the undamaged configuration) if such a deformation would occur.

2.3.3 Restrictions/Specifications

For Form No. 1 Contents--RTV sealant (or equivalent) must be applied to the surface of the gasket in contact with the drum body.

For Form No. 2 and No. 3 Contents--No packaging component requirements other than specified in Section 2.3.1.

The lid closure ring bolt shall be tightened to 40 + 4 ft-lb with tapping of ring during tightening. A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.3.4 49 CFR 178.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.3-3. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.3.5 Quality Control

Table 2.3-4. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.3.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of the subject packaging took place at MLM. A complete test report is available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.3.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
Battelle Columbus Laboratories Battelle Columbus Laboratories
T. R. Emsweiler 505 King Avenue
614-879-5165 Columbus, OH 43201

2.4 DOT-17C 35-GALLON STEEL DRUM (DOCKETS: MLM)

Figure 2-4. DOT-17C 35-Gallon Steel Drum, 49 CFR 178.115.

2.4.1 Package Description

Table 2.4-1. Dimensions.

Table 2.4-2. Materials/Method of Construction.

2.4.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.4.2.1 Physical Form

2.4.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements (e.g., RTV, etc.).

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.).
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see CFR 173.443, Contamination control.)

2.4.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight. Form No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3:

  • 400 lb.

2.4.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.4.2.3 Radiological. The 4-ft drop test caused deformation of the package resulting in a decrease in the distance from the exterior to the center of the package at the top edge of 1.125 in. (approximate). The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at any surface would not increase by more than 20% (relative to the radiation level of the undamaged configuration) if such a deformation would occur.

2.4.3 Restrictions/Specifications

For Form No. 1 and No. 2 Contents--RTV sealant (or equivalent) must be applied to the surface of the gasket in contact with the drum body.

For Form No. 3 Contents--No packaging component requirements other than as specified in Section 2.4.1.

The locking ring bolt shall be tightened to 40 + 4 ft-lb with tapping of the ring during tightening per the following procedure:

  1. Tighten the bolt to 40 ft-lb torque.
  2. Hit the closure ring vigorously with a metal hammer, eight to nine times, equally spaced around the ring.
  3. Repeat this cycle three additional times.
  4. Torque bolt one last time to 40 ft-lb.

A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The cover seal gasket material must have operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy, bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.4.4 49 CFR 178.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.4-3. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.4.5 Quality Control

Table 2.4-4. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.4.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of the subject packaging took place at MLM in 1989. A complete test report is available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.4.6.1 Primary User(s):

Site/Contact/Phone Address
Rocky Flats Rocky Flats Plant
K. Lenarcic P.O. Box 464
COMM/FTS 303-966-2377 Golden, CO 80402-0464

2.5 DOT-17C 55-GALLON STEEL DRUM, OPTIONAL PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE AND/OR HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE LINER (DOCKETS: MLM; 89-13-7A, 01/90; 90-18-7A, 01/91; 94-37-7A, 08/94)

Figure 2-5. DOT-17C 55-Gallon Steel Drum.

Figure 2-6. High-Density Polyethylene Liners for Use with DOT-17C 55-Gallon Steel Drums.

2.5.1 Package Description

Table 2.5-1. Authorized Configurations. (2 pages)

Table 2.5-2. Dimensions.

Table 2.5-3. Materials/Method of Construction. (2 pages)

2.5.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing/analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.5.2.1 Physical Form

2.5.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements.

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.).
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination control.)

2.5.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight

  • Form No. 1 = 408 kg (900 lb)
  • Form No. 2 = 454 kg (1,000 lb)
  • Form No. 3 = 454 kg (1,000 lb).

2.5.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.5.2.3 Radiological. The 1.2-m (4-ft) drop test caused deformation of the package resulting in a decrease in the distance from the exterior to the center of the package at the bottom chime of 6.35 cm (2.5) in. (approximate). The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at any surface would not increase by more than 20% (relative to the radiation level of the undamaged configuration) if such a deformation would occur.

2.5.3 Restrictions/Specifications

The lid-locking ring bolt shall be tightened to 54 + 5 Nm (40 + 4 ft-lb) torque with tapping of ring during tightening. A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

To prevent unintentional loosening, the NucFil filter (if used) shall be:

  1. Installed and torqued to 13.6 Nm (10 ft-lb) and tack-welded; or
  2. Secured by use of Loctite(1) No. 262 (red) and torqued to 13.6 Nm (10 ft-lb); or
  3. Torqued to 20.3 Nm (15 ft-lb).

The drum gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °C to 70 °C (-40 °F to +158 °F).

Note: Users are to ensure the appropriate configurations, as provided in Table 2.5-1 are followed.

If an open Type IV liner is used, a 3.5-mil polyethylene bag may be placed inside the liner to enclose the contents. Any contents that are heavy, sharp objects should be enclosed by a plastic bag (e.g., glovebox bag) that has been enclosed by a secondary plastic bag.

For heavy, bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.5.4 49 CFR 178.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.5-4. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.5.5 Quality Control

Table 2.5-5. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.5.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of configurations HF-1, HF-2, LL-1, MD-1, RF-1, RF-2, and RF-3 took place at MLM and were documented in Edling 1987. Westinghouse Hanford performed testing and evaluation to qualify the vented liner versions of HF-2, LL-1, MD-1 and RF-3 and configuration RF-4 in January 1990 as part of Docket 89-13-7A. Configurations RF-5, RF-6, RF-7 and RF-8 were qualified based on evaluation and extension of test results in January 1991 as part of Docket 90-18-7A. Configuration on LL-2 was vibration and 1.2-m (4-ft) drop tested by Westinghouse Hanford in August 1994 as a part of Docket 94-37-7A. Complete evaluation reports are available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.5.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
Rocky Flats Rocky Flats Plant
K. Lenarcic P.O. Box 464
COMM/303-966-2377 Golden, CO 80402-0464
Hanford Westinghouse Hanford Company
T. Romano P.O. Box 1970
COMM/509-373-0371 Richland, WA 99352
Lawrence-Livermore National Laboratory Lawrence-Livermore National Laboratory
K. Hainebach P.O. Box 808
COMM/510-422-4572 Livermore, CA 94550
MLM EG&G/Mound
L. Lamsa Mound Road
COMM/513-865-4182 Miamisburg, OH 45343

2.5.6.2 Suppliers

Liners: HF, MD - Meese Incorporated
1745 Cragmont St.
Madison, IN 47250
812-273-1008
RF - K&M Plastic
1601 Pratt Blvd.
Elkgrove, IL 60007
708-439-3311
Plasti-Drum
1225 Davies
Lockport, IL 60441
815-838-7210
Russell Stanley Co.
8 Ritter Ave.
Woodbridge, NJ 07095
201-634-6000

*Page correction for Vol. 1 document. This will be Rev. 0-E

2.6 DOT-17H 30-GALLON STEEL DRUM, OPTIONAL PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE (DOCKETS: MLM 90-17-7A, 07/90--90-20-7A, 07/90)

Figure 2-7. DOT-17H 30-Gallon Steel Drum, 49 CFR 178.118.

Figure 2-8. High-Density Polyethylene Liners for Use with DOT-17H 30-Gallon Steel Drums.

2.6.1 Package Description

Table 2.6-1. Authorized Configurations.

Table 2.6-2. Dimensions.

Table 2.6-3. Materials/Method of Construction.

2.6.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.6.2.1 Physical Form

2.6.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements (e.g., RTV, etc.).

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.).
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination control.)

2.6.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight. Material Forms No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3:

  • 400 lb.

2.6.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.6.2.3 Radiological. The 4-ft drop test caused deformation of the package resulting in a decrease in the distance from the exterior to the center of the package at the bottom chime of 2.75 in. (approximate). The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at any surface would not increase by more than 20% (relative to the radiation level of the undamaged configuration) if such a deformation would occur.

2.6.3 Restrictions/Specifications

Material Form No. 1 contents--RTV must be applied to the seal gasket to body interface when the packaging is used to ship Form No. 1 contents.

The lid locking ring bolt shall be tightened to 40 + 4 ft-lb torque with tapping of the ring during tightening. A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The NucFil filter (if used) shall be installed using Loctite No. 262 (Red) and torqued to 5 ft-lb or tack-welded to prevent unintentional loosening.

The drum gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy, bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.6.4 49 CFR 178.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.6-4. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.6.5 Quality Control

Table 2.6-5. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.6.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of configuration OR-1 took place at MLM and was documented in Edling 1987. Westinghouse Hanford qualified configurations AW-1 and FM-1 which utilize filtered drums and inner filtered bags. The testing and evaluation for these packagings was performed in July 1990 as part of Dockets 90-17-7A and 90-20-7A. Complete reports are available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.6.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
Fernald Westinghouse Materials Company of Ohio
C. E. Block P.O. Box 398704
COMM/FTS 513-738-6469 Cincinnati, OH 45239
Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL-E) Argonne National Laboratories
R. Ditch 9700 South Cass Ave.
COMM/FTS 708-972-5865 Argonne, IL 60439
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Martin Marietta Energy Systems
H. E. Crowder Y-12 Plant
COMM/FTS 615-574-2689 Oak Ridge, TN 37830

2.7 DOT 17H 55-GALLON STEEL DRUM (DOCKETS: MLM)

Figure 2-9. DOT-17H 55-Gallon Steel Drum.

2.7.1 Package Description

Table 2.7-1. Dimensions.

Table 2.7-2. Materials/Method of Construction.

2.7.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.7.2.1 Physical Form

2.7.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements (e.g., RTV, etc.).

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.).
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination control.)

2.7.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight.

  • Form No. 1 = 900 lb
  • Form No. 2 = 1,000 lb
  • Form No. 3 = 1,000 lb.

2.7.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.7.2.3 Radiological. The 4-ft drop test caused deformation of the package resulting in a decrease in the distance from the exterior to the center of the package at the top edge of 3.75 in. (approximate). The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at any surface would not increase by more than 20% (relative to the radiation level of the undamaged configuration) if such a deformation would occur.

2.7.3 Restrictions/Specifications

For Form No. 1 Contents--RTV sealant (or equivalent) must be applied to the surface of the gasket in contact with the drum body.

For Form No. 2 and No. 3 Contents--No packaging component requirements other than specified in Section 2.7.1.

The lid closure ring bolt shall be tightened to 40 + 4 ft-lb with tapping of ring during tightening. A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy, bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.7.4 CFR 173.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.7-3. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.7.5 Quality Control

Table 2.7-4. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.7.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of this packaging were performed at MLM and were documented in Edling 1987. Complete evaluation reports are available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.7.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
MLM Mound Laboratories
Don Wikstrom Mound Road
COMM/FTS 513-865-3919 Miamisburg, OH 45342
Battelle Battelle Columbus Laboratories
T. R. Emsweiler 505 King Avenue
614-879-5165 Columbus, OH 43201
ORNL Martin-Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.
H. E. Crowder P.O. Box Y
COMM/FTS 615-574-2689 Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant
Oak Ridge, TN 37830

2.8 MILITARY SPECIFICATION (MS) DRUMS--VARIOUS SIZES (DOCKETS: MLM)

Figure 2-10. Steel Drums, Military Specification Containers of Varying Sizes.

2.8.1 Package Description

Table 2.8-1. Dimensions and Weights.

2.8.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.8.2.1 Physical Form

2.8.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements (e.g., RTV, etc.).

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.).
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination control.)

2.8.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight. See Table 2.8-1, Dimensions and Weights.

2.8.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.8.2.3 Radiological. The 4-ft drop test caused deformations of the package resulting in decreases in the distance from the exterior to the center of the package (see table below). The shipper must ensure that the radiation level at any surface would not increase by more than 20% (relative to the radiation level of the undamaged configuration) if such deformations would occur.

2.8.3 Restrictions/Specifications

Table 2.8-2. Restrictions/Specifications.

The bolt closure shall be tightened with tapping of the ring until the lugs begin to bend inward or come together, typically less than 40 + 4 ft-lb of torque. A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The drum gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy, bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps, etc.), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/containment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.8.4 CFR 173.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.8-3. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.8.5 Quality Control

Table 2.8-4. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.8.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of this packaging were performed at MLM and were documented in Edling 1987. Complete evaluation reports are available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.8.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
MLM EG&G/Mound
Don Wikstrom Mound Road
COMM/FTS 513-865-3919 Miamisburg, OH 45342

2.9 SQUARE 71-GALLON STEEL DRUM, PACKAGING SPECIALTIES (DOCKETS: MLM)

Style 1A, 6 1/2-in. Crimped Cover; Style 1B, 6 1/2-in. Crimped Cover; Style 2, 18 1/4-in. Removable Head; Style 3, Fully Removable Head.

Figure 2-11. 71-Gallon Square Steel Drum, 6 1/2-Inch Crimped Cover (Style 1A).

Figure 2-12. 71-Gallon Square Steel Drum, 6 1/2-Inch Crimped Cover (Style 1B).

Figure 2-13. 71-Gallon Square Steel Drum, 18 1/4-Inch Removable Head (Style 2).

Figure 2-14. 71-Gallon Square Steel Drum, Fully Removable Head (Style 3).

2.9.1 Package Description

Table 2.9-1. Dimensions.

Table 2.9-2. Materials/Methods of Construction. (2 pages)

2.9.2 Authorized Contents

The shipper must determine that the actual contents are closely simulated by the test contents. If they are not, testing or analysis must be conducted and documented to demonstrate DOT-7A compliance with the actual contents.

2.9.2.1 Physical Form

2.9.2.1.1 Solids Only. Three forms are authorized. Each shipper must determine the most appropriate form for his particular contents and comply with any special requirements.

  • Material Form No. 1: Solids--any particle size.
  • Material Form No. 2: Solids--large particle size only (e.g., sand, concrete, debris, soil, etc.).
  • Material Form No. 3: Solids--objects with no significant dispersible or removable contamination. (For definition, see 49 CFR 173.443, Contamination Control.)

2.9.2.1.2 Maximum Gross Weight. Form No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3:

  • 1,350 lb.

2.9.2.2 Chemical Form. The shipper must evaluate and ensure chemical compatibility of the material to be shipped with the materials of the packaging in contact with the payload.

2.9.2.3 Radiological. Maximum dent of 4 in. (Style 1), 3.75 in. (Style 2), or 4.5 in. (Style 3) resulted from the 4-ft drop test on the bottom edge of the packaging. Each shipper must ensure that the radiation level at the surface of the packaging will not increase by more than 20% if such deformations would occur.

2.9.3 Restrictions/Specifications

The bung closure shall be tightened to 15 ft-lb on all styles.

The bolt closure shall be tightened to 30 ft-lb for Style 2 and 15 ft-lb for Style 3.

Tighten the bolt per the following procedure:

  1. Tighten the bolt to the designated ft-lb torque.
  2. Hit the closure ring vigorously with a metal hammer, 8 to 9 times, equally spaced around the closure ring.
  3. Repeat this cycle three additional times.
  4. Torque bolt one last time to the designated ft-lb.

A jam nut shall also be used to prevent unintentional loosening during transport.

The seal gasket material must have an operating range of -40 °F to +158 °F.

For heavy, bulky materials (e.g., concrete chunks, motors, pumps), equipment or materials with sharp corners or protrusions, or material/equipment geometries that could result in highly localized forces, the shipper must ensure that the contents are securely fastened/positioned within the package.

2.9.4 CFR 173.350 Regulatory Requirements

Table 2.9-3. Regulatory Compliance Assessment.

2.9.5 Quality Control

Table 2.9-4. Packaging/Acceptance/Use Criteria.

2.9.6 Additional Information

Evaluation and testing of the subject packaging took place at MLM in 1989. A complete test report is available upon request from one of the DOT-7A Program technical contacts listed in Section 1.1.2.

2.9.6.1 Primary Users

Site/Contact/Phone Address
West Valley Nuclear Services (WVNS) Department of Energy
Steve Ketola West Valley Project
COMM/FTS 716-942-4314 West Valley, New York

1.Loctite is a trademark of Loctite Corporation.


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